小学英语语法专题:常用介词用法详解及练习

介词在句子中表示名词或代词等与其他词之间的关系。不能单独作句子成分,常位于名词或代词(或与之相当的其他词类、短语、从句)前面构成介词短语。介词后面的成分作介词的宾语。

今天我们主要学习小学英语中常用到的介词的用法。

{ 介词用法详解 }

语法专题详解

介词,是表示两词之间的关系的词。我们在小学英语中学习的英语介词有:

时间介词

  • 1.on

    ( 1 ) 在------上面 The book is on the desk.

    ( 2 ) 在------(哪一天/星期)What do you do on Wednesday?

    ( 3 ) 在------(月、日)My birthday is on August 2nd.

  • 2.in

    (1)在------里面 The pens are in the pencil-box.

    (2)在------(哪一年/月)

    His birthday is in October. He wor ked here in 1992.

  • (3) 在------(地方) He works in Dongguan.

  • (4)在------之内 What are you going to do in 20 years?

  • (5) 在------(早上、下午、晚上)

    I do morning exercises in the morning every day.

    I usually play basketball in the afternoon.

    I often do my homework in the evening.

  • 3.at

    (1)在------(点钟)

    I usually go to school at 8:00 am.

    (2)在中午 at noon

方位介词

  • 1. under 在------底下 There is a ball under the bed.

  • 2. near 在------附近 There is a book shop near our

    school.

  • 3. in front of在------前面

    A boy is standing in front of the house.

  • 4. beside 在------旁边 A football is beside thedoor.

  • 5. next to 紧挨着 There is a bus station next to No. 13 Middle School.

  • 6. over 在------正上方 A bridge is over the river.

  • 7. on the left在------左边 The bookstore is on the left.

  • 8. on the right在------右边

    The hospital is on the right.

  • 9. before在……之前 Mike sits before me.

  • 10. after在------以后 He went home after school.

  • 11. in the middle在------中间

    The road is in the middle.

  • 12. at

    (1)在------(小地方) I am at school today.

    I was at home yesterday.

    (2)看一看 Look at the blackboard.

  • 13. behind 在------后面

    There is a broom behind the door.

    其他常用介词

  • 1.For

    (1) 给。 This present is for you.

    (2) 为了。 Thank you for telling me the way to the zoo.

    (3)作为。 We have some chips and hamburgers for lunch.

  • 2.To

    (1)到。 Take your sportshoes to the P.E class.

    (2)致。 Happy birthday to you. Give it to your friend.

  • 3.from来自 I am from China. = I come from China.

  • 4.from --- to从------到------ Line up from shorter to taller. We have class from Monday to Friday.

  • 5.of------的 He is a student of Kama School.

  • 6. by

    (1)在------之前。 We must be at home by 6 o’clock.

    (2)乘------交通工具。

    People can go to the moon by spaceship.

    I go to school by bus.

  • 7.With

    (1) 用。 I write a letter with a pen.

    (2) 和------一起。 He went to Shenzhen with his parents.

  • 8.between 在------与------之间 。

    There is a football match between Class One and Class Three.

  • 9. into到------里。 Sharks can dive into the deep cold water.

  • 10. like

    (1)像------ The twins are like their father.

    (2)长相------怎样? What’s he like?

  • 11. about

    (1)大约;关于 It’s about 6:00 now.

    (2)------怎么样? What about---? How about--?

    专项练习

一、填空

1. the first day ________ school 2. _______the school playground

3. _________ classes 4. _________ Wednesday

5. __________ a farm 6.pull _________ carrots

7.a lot _______ fruit trees 8. live _________ a town

9. ________ the weekends 10. _________ the sitting room

11.________ the 4th ______ November 12. look _______ them

13. ________ New Year 14. _________ Christmas Day

15.dress _______ _________ costumes

二、选择题

( )1.___ the afternoon of May, we visited the old man.

A. On B. At C. In

( )2.Many people work ___ the day and sleep ___ night.

A. on ; at B. in ; in C. in ; at

( )3.He speaks Japanese best ____ the boy students.

A. between B. with C. among

( )4.A wolf ___ a sheep skin is our dangerous enemy.

A. with B. in C. on

( )5.Joan hopes to come back ___ three days.

A. after B. for C. in

( )6.They sent the letter to me ___ mistake.

A. by B. for C. with

( )7.He left home ___ a cold winter evening.

A. at B. on C. in

( )8.Shanghai is ____ the east of China.

A. in B. on C. to

( )9.____ my father’s help, I have finished my composition.

A. Under B. On C. with

( )10.He’s very strict ____ himself and he’s very strict ___ his work.

A. with ; in B. in ; with C. with ; with

参考答案:

一、填空

1.of 2.in 3. in 4.on 5.on 6.up 7.of

8.in 9.at 10.in 11.on,of 12.at 13.on

14.on 15.up,in

二、选择题

1-5:ACCBC:6-10:ABACA

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